Revisiting ‘Sabil’ buildings as nuclei of sustainable urban mobility in Fatimid Cairo: An urban-touristic approach considering urban and environmental qualities

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This study adopts two levels of comparative urban analysis to investigate the current role played by Sabil buildings as nuclei for sustainable urban rehabilitation in Al-Muiz Street, Fatimid Cairo, Egypt. The study is tackled from an urban touristic approach to promote linear and diffused mobility. Hence, Linear Urban Mobility Analysis divided the linear spine into nine sectors based on Sabil locations. These varied in densities, activities, services, social behavior and opportunities. They were compared based on a matrix including quantitative and qualitative parameters reflecting the existing urban conditions, and were added to an ArcGIS Model Builder to develop a spatial assessment model. Then, for a Diffused Urban Mobility Analysis, three proposed itineraries were compared using validated software programs to scrutinize their urban and environmental qualities. The results present a pilot study for promoting sustainable urban mobility in historic cities based on Sabil buildings contextual settings.