Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 2-2022


Due to the increase in population density, the waste and its by-products produced by industry, housing, and agriculture have increased. Waste accumulation causes several environmental problems and contaminates natural resources such as air, soil, and water. Moreover, it threatens human public health and increases the number of epidemics and medical pandemics. The percentage of organic waste increases daily. Almost 60% of the waste collected from the housing sector is organic waste, in addition to the agricultural wastes that are also considered organic waste. In developing countries, there are no clear waste management systems. The waste is poorly managed, it is either burned or disposed of in waste dumps improperly. On the other hand, mud bricks are considered a substantial wall building material used in developing countries. This experimental research aims to study the properties of new mud brick prototypes by partially replacing 0.5, 1.5, and 2.5% of the mud with sugarcane bagasse (SCB), which is considered an organic waste material, to create eco-friendly bricks. This research will use an experimental, quantitative method to test the efficiency of the bricks after partially replacing mud with SCB. These experiments will test the slump, strength, cracks, absorption, and density with different SCB replacement percentages. The research revealed that the compressive strength of the mud bricks suffers a considerable reduction due to the burring of the fibers.