H 0 tension and the phantom regime: A case study in terms of an infrared f(T) gravity

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© 2019 The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. We propose an f(T) teleparallel gravity theory including a torsional infrared (IR) correction. We show that the governing Friedmann's equations of a spatially flat universe include a phantom-like effective dark energy term sourced by the torsion IR correction. As has been suggested, this phantom phase does indeed act to reconcile the tension between local and global measurements of the current Hubble value H 0 . The resulting cosmological model predicts an electron scattering optical depth τ e ≈ 0.058 at reionization redshift z re ∼ 8.1, in agreement with observations. The predictions are, however, in contradiction with baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements, particularly the distance indicators. We argue that this is the case with any model with a phantom dark energy model that has effects significant enough at redshifts z ≲ 2 as to be currently observable, the reason being that such a scenario introduces systematic differences in terms of distance estimates in relation to the standard model; e.g., if the angular diameter distance to the recombination era is to be kept constant while H 0 is increased in the context of a phantom scenario, the distances there are systematically overestimated to all objects at redshifts smaller than recombination. But no such discrepancies exist between ΛCDM predictions and current data for z ≲ 2.

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