Document Type


Publication Date

Summer 8-10-2017


The bulletproof jacket and the cassette shields of reactive armors are formed from different layers containing polymeric composite material of low density but with high resistance to penetration of high kinetic energy projectiles. Composites based on epoxies are very rigid and can resist bullet penetration specially when made with other layers of carbon fibers or Kevlar. In this work different composites based on epoxy resins were prepared and all mechanical properties were determined including resistance to high kinetic energy by falling steel ball to reach the optimum composition, which may be used in the production of the bulletproof jackets and reactive armors cassettes.

In this work different compositions of composite materials based on epoxy resin and four different fillers were prepared and all mechanical characteristics were investigated to reach a composite material having high resistance to impact by high kinetic energy projectiles which are required in the production of bulletproof jackets and also in cassette shields of reactive armors to protect tanks. This composite material is usually applied as layers with other polymeric fibers such as carbon fibers and Kevlar (polyamide) sheets. The used epoxy consists of Epon as linear epoxy and tertiary amine as hardener. The used fillers are carbon black, magnesium carbonate, wood flour and sand. The pure thermoset epoxy (without filler), which gives the highest different mechanical properties, is based on 10:5 by weight (linear Epon /Hardener). The composition, which gave the highest resistance to impact by high kinetics energy projectiles, was epoxy resin containing 15% by weight wood flour, where the resistance to impact was increased by 32% when compared with the pure epoxy.