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An advanced electroanalytical technique for the simultaneous assessment of environmental contaminant dihydroxybenzene isomers, catechol (CC), hydroquinone (HQ), and resorcinol (RC), has been investigated using palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) incorporated onto a poly(1,5-diaminonaphthalene) (DAN) matrix over a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Concurrently, these types of phenols can be assessed by the PdDAN/GCE modified electrode employing square wave voltammetry and cyclic voltammetry (CV) techniques under optimal conditions. This modified electrode has demonstrated linear responses for CC, HQ, and RC from 50.0 to 1000.0 mM; concomitantly, low detection limits of 0.22, 0.22, and 0.47 nM and low quantification limits of 0.740, 0.758, and 1.590 nM, have been, respectively, shown. Successfully, the simultaneous assessment of the three isomers in river stream water, tap water, and underground water has been implemented via the modified electrode under investigation. In comparison to reported studies, the PdDAN catalytic electrode has shown an effective sensitivity, leverage reproducibility, long-term stability, and excellent anti-interference capability for the determination of dihydroxybenzene isomers.

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Chemical engineering