Document Type


Publication Date

Winter 1-1-2020


Kiln rollers, which are widely used in ceramic tiles production, are usually subjected to surface grinding to remove the contaminations. The resulted fine powder is considered useless waste and a hazardous source of environmental pollution particularly as it contains health‐threatening fine free silica. In the present paper, the grind waste from kiln rollers was reused as raw material in the fabrication of nanofiltration cerramic membrane. The samples of produced ceramic membranes were formed into disks by adding 15% (by weight) organic binder solution with 2% concentration, then pressed at 35 MPa, dried and fired at temperatures range from 1100°C to 1300°C for 1 hour soaking time. It was found that the best firing temperature to produce nano-filtration ceramic membrane is 1250°C, where the ceramic membrane provides high removal of turbidity and high monovalent, divalent, and trivalent salts separation percentage.