Flower-shaped Gold Nanoparticles: Preparation, Characterization, and Electrocatalytic Application
The modification of a glassy carbon electrode with gold nanoparticles was pursued, characterized, and examined for electrocatalytic applications. The fabrication process of this electrode involved assembling the gold nanoparticles atop of amino group grafted glassy carbon electrode. The scanning electron microscopy indicated the deposition of gold nanoparticles in flowershaped nanostructures with an average particle size of ca. 150 nm. Interestingly, the electrode exhibited outstanding enhancement in the electrocatalytic activity toward the oxygen evolution reaction, which reflected from the large negative shift (ca. 0.8 V) in its onset potential, in comparison with that observed at the bulk unmodified glassy carbon and gold electrodes. Alternatively, the Tafel plot of the modified electrode revealed a significant increase (one order of magnitude) in the apparent exchange current density of the oxygen evolution reaction upon the modification, which infers a faster charge transfer. Kinetically, gold nanoparticles are believed to facilitate a favorable adsorption of OH- (fundamental step in oxygen evolution reaction), which allows the charge transfer at reasonably lower anodic polarizations.
Al-Akraa, Islam M. Dr.; Mohammad, Ahmad M. Prof; El-Deab, Mohamed S. Prof; and El-Anadouli, Bahgat E. Prof, "Flower-shaped Gold Nanoparticles: Preparation, Characterization, and Electrocatalytic Application" (2017). Chemical Engineering. 49.