We report here a scientific investigation of a simple and versatile synthetic rote for the synthesis of palladium nanoparticles decorated with copper oxideand supported on reduced Graphene oxide (rGO) as a highly active catalyst usedfor Suzuki, Heck, and Sonogashira cross coupling reactions with remarkable turnover number (7000) and turnover frequency of 85000 h-1. Pd-CuO nanoparticles supported on reduced Graphene oxide nanosheets (Pd-CuO/rGO) exhibited an outstanding performance through high catalytic activity towards cross coupling reactions. A simple, reproducible, and reliable method was used to prepare this efficient catalyst using microwave irradiation synthetic conditions. The synthesis approach requires simultaneous reduction of palladium and copper nitrates in the presence of graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets using hydrazine hydrate as a strong reducing agent. The highly active and recyclable catalyst has so many advantages including the use of mild reaction conditions, short reaction times in an environmentally benign solvent system. Moreover, the prepared catalyst could be recycled for up to five times with nearly the same high catalytic activity. Furthermore, the high catalytic activity and recyclability of the prepared catalyst are due to the strong catalyst-support interaction. The defect sites in the reduced Graphene oxide (rGO) act as nucleation centers that enable anchoring of both Pd and CuO nanoparticles and hence, minimize the possibility of agglomeration which leads to a severe decrease in the catalytic activity.
Elazab, Hany A. Dr, "Pd Nanoparticles supported on Copper oxide Prepared via Microwave – Assisted Synthesis: an Efficient Catalyst for Suzuki Cross-Coupling" (2019). Chemical Engineering. 60.