Title

Evaluation of the bio-stimulatory effect of platelet rich fibrin augmented by diode LASER compared to platelet rich fibrin alone on dental implant replacing posterior mandibular teeth. Randomised clinical trial: Split mouth study

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Spring 3-15-2019

Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND: Restoring masticatory function and replacing missing teeth with minimal pain and discomfort are the most important issues for the patient and clinician. Nowadays dental implants became the most popular line of treatment to replace missing teeth; offering a comfortable long lasting prosthesis. Osseo-integration reflects the long term success of a dental implant. Many bio-modulators are used aiming to improve the osseointegration and healing around dental implants such as Low-Level Laser treatment (LLLT) and Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF). PRF has been proven to improve bone repair process around the dental implant. LLLT is considered a noninvasive, safe technique that stimulates osteogenesis and alleviates post-operative pain. AIM: Evaluation of the bio-stimulatory effect of LLLT on a dental implant with PRF compared to PRF alone clinically and radiographically. METHODS: A randomised clinical trial with the split-mouth design was conducted on nine patients with bilaterally missing lower posterior tooth. All patients received one dental implant on each side with PRF. LASER application was performed to one side twice weekly for one month starting on the day of insertion. Post-operative pain was assessed daily through the first week using numerical rating pain scale (NRS) as the primary outcome. Relative peri-implant bone density was measured using direct digital intraoral radiography immediately after insertion, one, four and nine months postoperatively. Implants stability were measured using radio frequency assessment immediately after insertion, four and nine months post-operative as secondary outcomes. RESULTS: The NRS for pain was significantly decreased by the end of the first-week postoperatively in the intervention and control group with a mean of (2.22 ± 1.56) (2.11 ± 1.83) respectively. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the test groups at P-Value (0.892). The relative bone density values were decreased by the end of the ninth month of follow-up in the intervention and control group with a mean of (134.42 ± 16.13) (128.77 ± 33.54) respectively. No statistically significant difference was observed between the two test groups at P-value (0.863). The radiofrequency values for implant stability showed no statically significant difference after nine months of follow up when compared to the initial stability values at the day of insertion in the intervention and control group. The mean radiofrequency values were (67.24 ± 1.79) and (66.9 ± 2.57) respectively, and no statistically significant difference was observed between the two test groups at P-value (0.793) CONCLUSION: There are no statistically significant differences in post-operative pain values, implant stability and bone density between the implant sites treated with PRF augmented by Diode laser compared to implant sites treated by PRF alone

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