Various bone augmentation strategies have been proposed to overcome the anatomic and physiologic limitations of implant placement in patients with atrophic edentulous ridges. The use of short implants may provide an alternative treatment to avoid complications associated with alveolar bone augmentation. However, the clinical effectiveness of short implants versus long implants was not thoroughly investigated. Marginal bone height changes around short and conventional implants were evaluated in this study Methods: Fourteen completely edentulous male patients were selected and divided into two equal groups. Group (I) Patients received conventional complete maxillary dentures opposed by mandibular overdentures supported and retained by two conventional implants of 4mm diameter and 12mm length placed in the lateral-canine regions. Group (II) Patients received conventional complete maxillary dentures opposed by mandibular overdentures supported and retained by two short implants of 4mm diameter and 8mm length placed in the lateral-canine regions. Results: The results of the present study revealed statistically insignificant difference in the calculated means of the measured peri-implant bone height changes between the two studied groups. Conclusions: Placement of short implants may provide an effective option to rehabilitate edentulous patients whenever conventional implants cannot be placed without prior bone augmentation providing surgical advantages, reduced patient morbidity, treatment time and costs.
Rizk, Fardos N.; Tallat, Engy; ElHomossany, Mahmoud; Lasheen, Ahmed Dr.; and Mahmoud, Hebatalla, "Short Length Versus Conventional Implants in Rehabilitation of Completely Edentulous Mandible" (2018). Dentistry. 76.