Patterns of Reflexive Co-Creation between Designers and Users in the Innovation Process: An Ontological Analysis

Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 3-26-2022


In this paper, the reflexive designer-user co-creation in the innovation process is addressed. To do this, this paper danced with two reasoning approaches—1) deductive and 2) inductive reasoning. As a deductive reasoning, first, it theoretically conceptualizes a model of the designer-user reflexive co-creation and ten archetypes by a view of reflexivity theory. Second, it empirically explores patterns of the reflexive designer-user co-creation by an inductive reasoning. Throughout the analysis of the collected data, as a result, five patterns of designer-user reflexive patterns were identified.