Implementation of clinical pharmacy services in a pediatric dialysis unit

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Background: End-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis are on complex drug regimens consisting of multiple medications, many of which are administered in several doses per day. Consequently, such patients are at high risk for developing drug therapy-related problems (DTRPs). The aim of this study was to detect DTRPs in children undergoing hemodialysis and to assess and evaluate the impact of interventions by the clinical pharmacist on the clinical outcome of children undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: Fifty hemodialysis outpatients were randomly divided into two groups (25 each): the control group and the test group. During the 9-month study period, patients in the control group received the usual medical care, and those in the test group received pharmaceutical care 3 timesweekly in addition to the usual medical care. Results: After 9 months of pharmaceutical care implementation, the test group showed a significant decline in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.0001), serum phosphorus level (p=0.006) and parathyroid hormone level (p=0.001) versus their baseline values and versus the control. The serum Ca*P product level of the test group decreased (p=0.001) after intervention versus baseline. Serum calciumlevel significantly increased in test group (p=0.02) and decreased in the control group (p=0.001) versus the respective baseline values. Satisfaction with the renal treatment significantly improved in the test group (p=0.0001) versus the control group after 9 months of pharmaceutical care implementation based on Renal Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire scores. Conclusions: Pharmacist-initiated pharmaceutical care improved the satisfaction and biochemical findings of patients on hemodialysis. © IPNA 2014.

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