Naringenin attenuates cisplatin nephrotoxicity in rats

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The effect of naringenin (NAR), a naturally occurring citrus flavanone, on the acute nephrotoxicity produced by cisplatin (7 mg/kg, i.v.) was investigated in the rat. Oral administration of NAR (20 mg/kg/day) for 10 days, starting 5 days before cisplatin single i.v. injection, produced significant protection of renal function. NAR reduced the extent of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity, as evidenced by significant reduction in serum urea and creatinine concentrations, decreased polyuria, reduction in body weight loss, marked reduction in urinary fractional sodium excretion and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity, and increased creatinine clearance. Cisplatin-induced alterations in renal cortex lipid peroxides and GST activity were markedly improved by NAR. Cisplatin-induced alterations in renal cortex antioxidant defense system were greatly prevented by NAR. In cisplatin-NAR combined treatment group, antioxidant enzymes namely superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase (CAT) were significantly increased to 54.5, 30.3 and 35.6%, respectively compared to cisplatin treated group. Platinum renal content was not affected by NAR treatment. The results provide further insight into the mechanisms of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and confirm the antioxidant potential of NAR. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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