Maternal factors influencing development of embryos from mice superovulated with gonadotropins

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In NMRI mice superovulation with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) increased mating rate, number of implantation sites, rate of advanced and delayed resorptions, as well as retarded sternebral ossification and cleft palate. On day 3 of gestation in preimplantation embryos, cell number and mitotic index were lower after superovulation than after spontaneous ovulation. However, when preimplantation embryos from superovulated and control females were transferred on day 3 of pregnancy to pseudopregnant recipients (10 embryos per female) no differences could be detected between the two groups of fetuses at term. The results of the embryo transfer experiments indicate that abnormal embryonic development after superovulation with gonadotropins is predominantly induced by effects of the hormone treatment on the maternal uterine environment. © 1989.

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