Title

Enhanced Allicin Cytotoxicity on HEPG-2 Cells Using Glycyrrhetinic Acid Surface-Decorated Gelatin Nanoparticles

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-28-2019

Abstract

© 2019 American Chemical Society. The cytotoxic potential of allicin was evaluated on different cancer cell lines, particularly, hepatic (HepG-2), breast (MCF-7), lung (A-549), and prostatic (PC-3), where allicin scored an IC50 score of 19.26 μM on HepG-2. In order to increase the cell uptake, optimized allicin-loaded gelatin nanoparticles (GNPs) were prepared where the optimum formulation was surface-conjugated to glycyrrhetinic acid. GNPs were optimized using a D-optimal design. The optimum formulation had a particle size of 370.7 ± 6.78 nm and polydispersity index of 0.0363 ± 0.009 and 39.13 ± 2.38% of drug entrapment. The conjugation of the ligand, glycyrrhetinic acid with allicin-loaded GNPs, was confirmed utilizing 1H NMR. Drug release profiles in the presence/absence of collagenase were obtained. Finally, a cytotoxicity study on HepG-2 was performed for the unconjugated and conjugated allicin-loaded GNPs scoring IC50 of 10.95 and 5.046 μM, revealing two- and fourfold enhancements in allicin cytotoxicity, respectively. To our knowledge, the ligand-carrier pair, glycyrrhetinic acid-gelatin, was not explored before, and the developed system poses a successful liver cancer therapy.

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