Preparation of PLGA-chitosan based nanocarriers for enhancing antibacterial effect of ciprofloxacin in root canal infection

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© 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. The aim of this study is to prepare and evaluate the antibacterial and antibiofilm activity of ciprofloxacin (CIP) loaded PLGA nanoparticles (F2) and CIP-PLGA nanoparticles coated with chitosan (F3) versus ciprofloxacin solution (Fl) as a control on Enterococcus faecalis. F2 was prepared using double emulsion evaporation technique then coated with chitosan (F3). The prepared F2 and F3 were evaluated for size, surface charge, encapsulation efficiency, morphology and in vitro release. F1, F2, F3, and Chitosan (CS) were assessed in vitro using agar diffusion technique and biofilm inhibition assay. Finally, biofilm inhibition on teeth using Colony Forming Unit (CFU) was implemented with different concentrations of the three formulae. The results revealed that F2 is 202.9 nm with a negative charge −0.0254 mv, while F3 is 339.6 nm with a positive charge +28.5 mv. The encapsulation efficiency of F2, and F3 was 64% and 78% respectively. The amount released was 92.62% and 78.3% for F2 and F3, respectively, after 72 h, while F1 showed 100% released in the first hour. CS, F1, F2, and F3, showed antibacterial effect with inhibition zone of 12 mm, 22 mm, 20 mm, and 32 mm respectively. Biofilm inhibition of F1, F2, and F3 were 60%, 74%, and 91.8%, respectively. F3 colony count was less than F2, and F1 in all concentrations. It can be concluded that F3 had proven to exhibit potential antibacterial and antibiofilm activity in a controlled release pattern consequently, they can be used as an intra-canal medication.

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