Trazodone Loaded Lipid Core Poly (ε-caprolactone) Nanocapsules: Development, Characterization and in Vivo Antidepressant Effect Evaluation

Document Type


Publication Date



© 2020, The Author(s). Trazodone hydrochloride (TRH) is a lipophilic drug which is used effectively as an antidepressant. Its poor solubility and short half-life represent an obstacle for its successful use. Nanocapsules with biodegradable polymeric shell are successful drug delivery systems for controlling the release of drugs. To enhance the entrapment of lipophilic drugs, oils can be added forming a lipophilic core in which the drug is more soluble. The aim of this study was to enhance the efficacy of TRH and prolong its action by formulating it into lipid core polymeric shell nanocapsules. Nanocapules were prepared using nanoprecipitation technique. All prepared formulations were in nano size range and negatively charged. The TRH entrapment efficiency (EE%) in lipid core nanocapsules was up to 74.8 ± 0.5% when using Labrafac lipophile as a lipid core compared to only 55.7 ± 0.9% in lipid free polymeric nanospheres. Controlled TRH release was achieved for all prepared formulations. Forced swim test results indicated the significant enhancement of antidepressant effect of the selected TRH loaded Labrafac lipophile core nanocapsules formulation compared to control and TRH dispersion in phosphate buffer. It is concluded that lipid core nanocapsules is a promising carrier for the enhancement of TRH efficacy.

This document is currently not available here.