Comparison of physiology and biomechanics of speed skating with cycling and with skateboard exercise.
Eight well-trained speed skaters performed three all-out tests during ice speed skating, board skating and cycling. Compared to speed skating, cycling produced significantly higher values of oxygen consumption (57.2 +/- 4.9 vs. 53.9 +/- 4.2 ml/(kg X min], ventilation (111.3 +/- 10.2 vs. 98.8 +/- 7.3 l/min) and respiratory exchange ratio (1.18 +/- 0.13 vs. 1.03 +/- 0.05). This seems to suggest a different demand on the aerobic metabolism during cycling compared to speed skating. Board skating resulted in a significantly higher value of the ventilation (110.0 +/- 8.6 l/min) only. Kinematic analysis showed that during both skating activities the time series of the hip and knee angles, angular velocities and angular accelerations were similar. High peak values, especially of the knee angular acceleration, occur in the short push-off phase. During cycling completely different curves were found. The possible significance of these differences for movement co-ordination and motor unit involvement is discussed. The results show that board skating is a more specific training exercise for speed skating than cycling, at least when training for skating performances lasting 8-10 minutes at most.