In multiple international conventions, such as the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, public participation was emphasized as a genuine and inseparable human right. However, public participation should not be only perceived as a human right, but also as a precondition and a necessity for an all-inclusive, informed and sustainable development. This research reviewed two public participation processes that were carried out in Egypt post to the 25th of January Revolution. While utilizing participant observation as one of the most important research methods, this research described and assessed the strengths and weaknesses in two public participation processes in Egypt using a model for public participation in public policy inspired by Arnstein’s ascending ladder of participation. The two public participation processes were carried out over the Right to Information (RTI) Draft Law and social justice in the National Plan of Egypt. The research concluded with offering lessons learnt for civil society, facilitators and decision makers in an attempt to improve future public participation processes in public policy.
Khodary, Y. (2016). Public Participation in Public Policy: Case Studies on Egypt’s Right to Information Draft Law and National Plan. International Journal of Political Science and Development. 4(1): 16-25.