The concept of gender and the issue of gender equality between international development policies and Arab culture (in Arabic)

Document Type


Publication Date

Summer 8-1-2019


The concept of gender has become widely used after the Beijing Conference in 1995. Since then, it has acquired a great importance in the field of social sciences and development. United Nations programs and global aid agencies have become increasingly gender-sensitive in their development programs, focusing on gender equality as indicators of human development and good governance. There is a growing realisation in the Arab countries that the renaissance of Arab societies will not be achieved while the contributions and needs of half of their population are still being neglected in the development process. The development of this awareness has contributed to an active and conscious Arab feminist movement that has been able to represent its case in response to the developments on the world stage. The purpose of this research is to define this concept in terms of its intellectual roots, its development and its uses in the field of political science and development studies and to distinguish it from other concepts. In addition, the paper aims to identify its most important dimensions and components in order to discover the validity of the concept as an analytical tool that can be used to study the effect of the political phenomenon on both women and men, as well as the reflection of the development process with its different dimensions on each. It also aims at showing the compatibility of the concepts of gender and gender equality with the Arab-Islamic culture. The research focuses on the review of Western and Arabic literature on the concept of gender and gender equality. It highlights the role played gender plays in redefining the concept of development and building a new development paradigm in which gender equality is central to the renaissance of all societies, particularly Arab societies in the light of the political tension witnessed in the region, and the intensification of local and regional conflicts.